ARS Training Models

ARS employs several organisational models in order to provide an optimal incident investigation training experience.


The principles of the Incident Cause Analysis Method (ICAM), stem from the work of organisational psychologist and human error expert, Professor James Reason and his modelling of organisational accidents. Professor Reason and his colleagues from the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom, developed a conceptual and theoretical approach to the safety of large, complex, socio-technical systems.


FMEA procedure is a tool that has been adapted in many different ways for many different purposes. It can contribute to improved designs for products and processes, resulting in higher reliability, better quality, increased safety, enhanced customer satisfaction and reduced costs. The tool can also be used to establish and optimize maintenance plans for repairable systems and/or contribute to control plans and other quality assurance procedures. It provides a knowledge base of failure mode and corrective action information that can be used as a resource in future troubleshooting efforts and as a training tool for new engineers.

Human Error Model

Events and conditions charts outline the flow or sequence of events clearly and without prejudice. The objective of such a chart is to outline the facts, as they occurred, in the sequence they occurred, and then to annotate additional known conditions. The development of a sound events and conditions flow chart is essential for impartial analysis to be conducted.

Change Analysis

This simple principle is used in change analysis to identify anomalies between best practice or ideal procedures, and the actual accident scenario. A systematic outline of the flow of actual events, of course, is mandatory to adequately perform change analysis.

Dealing with Authorities

The regulatory bodies responsible for administration of OHS laws in each State and territory generally appoint inspectors. Their functions include inspecting workplaces, investigating incidents, possible breaches of legislation and complaints. ARS has included invaluable tips on dealing with authorities and the law when performing incident investigation following an incident event.

Corrective Actions

The primary purpose of incident investigation is to prevent future occurrences by identifying the root causes of the incident, thus making corrective actions effective. Recommended corrective action should make it very difficult, if not impossible, for the incident to happen again. ARS training gives participants the useful tools and knowledge to perform corrective actions following an incident.